When we are talking about sleep apnea, it is actually about a sleep disorder in which our breathing continually stops and starts as we sleep. There are two main types of this problem: obstructive and central sleep apnea. Then, what causes sleep apnea? Here are the causes and risk factors of these both types of sleep apnea.
Risk Factors For Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Let’s begin with the more common sleep apnea occur in a patient. Here are some of the risk factors that may cause you to have obstructive sleep apnea.
- Narrowed Airway: If you naturally have a narrow throat, you are more likely to get obstructive sleep apnea because your adenoid or tonsil may get enlarged and then obstruct the airway.
- Excess Weight: If you have excess weight and then you get your neck circumference bigger, it is more likely for you to suffer this sleep disorder as well.
- Being Male: If you want to know what causes sleep apnea, being male may become another risk factor to suffer from this problem. It is because the male is discovered to be twice more likely to get this problem.
Risk Factors For Central Sleep Apnea
Now, how about the risk factors of central sleep apnea? Here are several things that will enhance your risk to suffer central sleep apnea.
- Being older: An older adult has a higher risk of both central and obstructive sleep apneas.
- Stroke: When you have a stroke, you are more likely to have central apnea as well. In this case, you may get the complex sleep apnea too.
- Heart disorder: Then, it is also possible for you who have heart disorder to get a higher risk of central sleep apnea.